Skip to Content. This is called the stage. Use the menu to see other pages.
The stage extent of your breast cancer is an important factor in making decisions about your treatment. Many women also get some kind of drug therapy. In general, the more the breast cancer has spread, the more treatment you will likely need.
Stage 2 means the breast cancer is growing, but it is still contained in the breast or growth has only extended to the nearby lymph nodes. This stage is divided into groups: Stage 2A and Stage 2B. The difference is determined by the size of the tumor and whether the breast cancer has spread to the lymph nodes.
A variety of treatments for breast cancer exist, and treatment is available at every stage of cancer. Most people need a combination of two or more treatments. After diagnosis, your doctor will determine the stage of your cancer.
The usual treatment is surgery to remove the cancer. Your doctor will also check the lymph nodes close to the breast to see if they contain cancer cells. You either have a test called a sentinel lymph node biopsy SLNB or surgery to remove some of the lymph nodes under the arm.
Put simply, the stage describes how widespread or advanced the cancer is in the breast tissue and possibly other parts of your body. Determining the stage helps doctors explain the breadth of the cancer to you. Breast cancer is also classified according to other characteristics.
Staging is important because it helps us create an individualized treatment plan for each patient. Cancer cells are limited to the lining of the ducts and have not spread beyond the duct. The tumor diameter is less than 2 centimeters and there is no cancer in the lymph nodes.
It is fairly common for people to be diagnosed with stage 2 breast cancer. Stage 2 tumors are usually between 2 and 5 centimeters cm in diameter 1 to 2. Treatment usually includes surgery either a lumpectomy or mastectomyand adjuvant chemotherapy is often recommended.
Staging and grading usually happens after your breast tumour has been removed by surgery, as a pathologist will need to test the tissue in a laboratory and examine it under a microscope. The grade of a tumour indicates what the cells look like and gives an idea of how quickly the cancer may grow and spread. Tumours are graded between 1 and 3. Grade 1 — the cancer cells look small and uniform like normal cells, and are usually slow-growing compared to other grades of breast cancer.